This course provides the students with a knowledge of pre-Socratic philosophy and sophistry through an in depth study of the origin of philosophical speculation in Greece, the Pre-socratic philosophers Thales, Anaximenes, Anaximander, Xenophanes, Heraclitus, Pythagoras, Parmenides, Zeno, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Leucippus and Democritus, and the Sophists and Socrates himself based on the fragments and writings of these thinkers and the relevant doxography.