This course provides a comprehensive introduction to the bio-physical setting of the tropical region with emphasis on human-environmental interaction. This course provides an understanding of how tropical ecosystems function, and introduces contemporary environmental issues of developmental interest. The course consists of three modules on environmental context, contemporary problems, and development intervention.

Emphasis will be given to the tropical region and its environment, ecosystems in the tropics and their functions, tropical climate and climatic region, geomorphologic processes, tropical soils and pedalogical processes, the human-environmental interaction, and consequences of international pressure and strategic interventions.