is course will provide a broad understanding of both theoretical and practical aspects of development from a geographical perspective. The objective of the course is to enable students to understand the complexities of underdevelopment and relate that knowledge to Sri Lanka as a developing country. The course will draw on empirical examples from Europe , USA , South Asia , Latin America , and Africa .

The course will provide a basic knowledge in four main areas: (1) conceptualizing and defining developmentWestern and Eastern interpretations; (2) theories of developmentmodernization (economic, psychological, and sociological); political economy (classical, Marxist, neo-Marxist, and post-Marxist); alternative theories (sustainable development, eco-feminism, and action oriented approaches); (3) the global political economy of development and underdevelopmenthistorical trends and geographical patterns of the world economy, debt, aid, trade; and (4) development planningobjective approaches and the Sri Lankan experience of regional development.