The course provides an advanced knowledge of the principles of landform development with special emphasis on fluvial geomorphology. It covers themes such as the historical development of geomorphology, theory and methodology of geomorphology, diastrophism and climatic geomorphology, fluvial processes and landforms, hill slope processes and hill slope hydrology, fluvial landforms, coastal landform processes, and sediment dynamics. Geomorphologic mapping and terrain analysis will also be introduced.

Course topics: Historical development of geomorphology; Diastrophism; Landforms and geomorphologic processes; Hill slope hydrology; Rock weathering and soil formation; Coastal landforms; and Geomorphologic mapping.  

Sets and inequalities, Linear equations, Quadratic equations, Functions and graphs, Trigonometry, Limitsincluding limits at infinity and infinite limits, Continuity, Derivatives, Curve sketching, Maximum-minimum problems, Exponential and logarithmic functions, Techniques of integration, Areas and volumes, partial derivatives, Introduction to vectors, Scalar product, Vector product, Triple scalar product, Triple vector product, Spherical trigonometry, Introduction to probability theory.

This course will focus on the development of skills in map construction and interpretation, and understanding modern cartographic techniques. This course is designed to introduce to students various types of maps and equipment, geometrical application of maps, thematic mapping, and aerial photographs.

Course topics: Introduction to cartography; Draughting equipment and their use; Methods of map interpretation; Statistical and weather maps; Introduction to aerial photographs; Interpretation of aerial photographs. 

This course provides an advanced understanding of the field of climatology and hydrology. It covers themes such as weather elements, nature and importance of climate, thermodynamics of air and analysis of weather forecasting. It also provides an understanding of climatic variability, interaction between the hydrosphere and the atmosphere, and its variations over space and time. The course also leads students towards data collection and the applied aspects of climatology and hydrology.

Course topics: Evolution of the atmosphere; Weather elements and processes; Heat balance of the earth; Thermodynamics of the air; General circulation of the atmosphere; Climatic classifications; Observational methods and data analysis; Climatic variability and change; Global and basin hydrological cycle; Hydrometeorology; Surface hydrology; Ground water hydrology; Hydrological observation and data; and Water management 

The course provides a comprehensive knowledge of Economic Geography, facilitating further specialization in related courses in the third and fourth years. The course will introduce the scope and definitions, approaches to the study of Economic Geography and its relations with allied disciplines. Geographical perspectives related to primary production, location of agricultural activities, location factors in manufacturing industry, and services will be introduced. International interaction and economic regionalization will be covered.

Course topics: Introduction to Economic Geography; Location of economic activities; Geography of agriculture; Industry and services; World development; Economic regionalization; Globalization; and Evolution of the economic landscape (for selected regions). 

Political Geography is one of the most prominent sub-disciplines in Human Geography. The political dimension in geography is now being appreciated in other sub-disciplines in Human Geography as well. The course introduces empirical and theoretical knowledge in the field of Political Geography to students, and makes them aware of its research potential to review the main issues in Political Geography, and familiarize students with the key issues in Sri Lankan Political Geography and the changing political map of the world.

Course topics: Introduction to Political Geography; The Concept of Political Geography; The state in crisis; Colonialism; Geopolitics; Political geography of resources; The geography of federalism; Green politics; Electoral politics; Ethno-nationalist politics; and The devolution of power in Sri Lanka